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Botanical Garden
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Address: Kandavas iela 2, Rīga, LV-1083, Latvia
Director: Anta Sparinska
Phone: 371 67450852
Home page:

The Botanical Garden was founded in 1922 as a research base for students and school children.
Main areas of research:

  • plant introduction, collection, selection and investigation;
  • public education and teaching work.

The BG exchanges seeds and literature with many botanical gardens and scientific research institutions. The BG occupies 16 ha, collections comprising 8300 plant species; new varieties and cultivars have been created.

The BG introduces the visitors to the diversity of the kingdom plantae from different aspects through a variety of expositions. The greenhouses offer to view 2000 species of tropical and subtropical plants.

The Botanical Garden is more than just a pretty park. It is the only place in Latvia where bananas are grown and harvested. The systematic biological and medicinal plant groups give an insight into the systematisation of 2 600 plants as well as their biological and curative properties. The decoratively-ecological expositions (DEE) reveal the multiplicity of ornamental plants and their applicability in parks and gardens. The DEE also offers to view 3 100 varieties of woody and herbaceous plants, which have been grouped according to their ecological requirements. The rhododendron garden represents one of the largest rhododendron collections in Northern Europe. In the rhododendron hybrid and trial grounds one can see the new sorts developed in the BG. The lily garden and the dahlia garden display the latest lily and dahlia sorts developed by the BG selectionists. The rock garden and phlox garden strike with the diversity of the perennials. An assortment of roses is represented in the rose garden, but the heath garden familiarises you with different conifers and heathers. In total in the above-mentioned DEE and in the arboretum, there are 760 species and varieties of ligneous plants.

The well-preserved 18th century building of the former manor now accommodates the lecture-room, the BG laboratories and the UL Tissue Culture Lab. In the territory of the garden, there is also a satellite observation station and the geodetic initial point of the trigonometrical network of Latvia.

The BG’s experts provide consultations on horticulture and ornamental gardening. Plants of peaches, apricots, rhododendrons, perennials, dahlia tubers, lily bulbs, as well as houseplants are available.