According to the amendments to the Law on Higher Education Institutions, which came into force on 01.01.2019, the period of accreditation of study programs has been extended. The new accreditation terms can be seen here.

Programme code 43420
Field of study Life Sciences
Faculty Faculty of Biology
Obtainable degree Bachelor of Natural Sciences in Biology
Access to further studies Access to Master Study Programmes or Second-level Professional Higher Education Study Programmes designed for studies after the awarding of Bakalaura grāds (Bachelor`s degree)
Programme director Didzis Elferts
Credits 120 KP or 180 ECTS
Study duration full-time
6 Semesters
Tuition fee starting Autumn semester, 2019 Tuition fee per year - 2000 EUR
Number of students accepted each year Autumn semester 2019
State -funded study places- 60
Autumn semester 2019
Study places for tuition fee - 20
Minimum number of students - 25
Start of studies Autumn 2020
Mode of study

Full-time studies on weekdays, mostly from 8:30 to 18:00

Language of instruction Latvian
Learning outcomes of the study programme


•    basic knowledge in molecular biology, microbiology, genetics, plant and animal anatomy and physiology, zoology and botany, ecology and evolution;

•    basic knowledge in lifesciences - mathematics, chemistry and physics;

•    the interrelationships from the molecular level to the organism and ecosystem level;


•    to critically analyze concepts, theories and issues in biology;

•    to analyse research data;

•    to present research results.

Competences – able to:

•    formulate and analyse problems in a particular subbranch of biology, to propose decisions in solving them;

•    work and cooperate in researcher teams;

•    use modern laboratory and field equipment in collecting research data;

•    make scientific research – from hypothesis to results though careful collection and analysis of data;

•    use foreign languages.

Admission requirements

Secondary education

General rules (here)


Competition criteria for persons with an obtained secondary education on year 2004 and onwards:

CE Latvian

CE in Biology

CE in Maths

CE in English or CE in French, or CE in German

Competition criteria for persons with an obtained secondary education up to year 2004 (not included) as well as persons who have obtained their secondary education abroad and persons with special needs:

final average grade in Latvian and Literature

final grade in Biology

final grade in Maths (or average grade of Algebra and Geometry) or in Physics, or in Chemistry

final average grade in certain subjects

Special rules: the final grade of Chemistry or Science has to be passable (no lower than 4) in the secondary education document;

Preferential claims: Latvian state or international Biology Olympiad or Latvian state student scientific conference Biology section or health sciences section degree 1 to 3 winners in year 2019 and 2020; LU Young biologist student competition 1st to 3rd  place winners in overall standings of grade 12 group on year 2020.

Biology   120
Mandatory part   73
Mandatory part   63
Biol2012 Plant Anatomy Exam 2
Biol2009 Plant Physiology Exam 3
Biol2011 Biometry Exam 3
Biol2181 Biochemistry I Exam 4
Biol2014 Human and animal anatomy Exam 2
Biol3006 Human and Animal Physiology Exam 3
Ķīmi1059 Civil protection Test 1
FiziP024 Physics for Natural Sciences Exam 5
SDSK1096 Introduction in Earth Sciences Exam 3
Biol1190 Introduction to Studies Exam 2
Biol2115 Research Project Coursework/project 2
Biol2051 Field Course in Botany and Zoology Exam 3
Mate1080 Mathematics for Biologists Exam 2
Biol3234 Environmental protection for biologists Exam 2
BiolP058 General Biology. Introduction to Botany Exam 3
BiolP059 General Biology. Introduction to Ecology Exam 2
BiolP057 General Biology. Introduction to Zoology Exam 3
BiolP054 General Biology. Introduction to Cell Biology Exam 4
BiolP056 General Biology. Introduction to Microbiology Exam 2
BiolP055 General Biology Introduction to Genetics Exam 4
Biol2084 Genetics and Evolution Exam 3
ĶīmiP031 Chemistry Exam 5
Final examination   10
Biol3184 Biology Bachelors Thesis Bachelor`s Thesis 10
Restricted elective courses   43
Valo1051 English I Exam 2
Valo1282 English II Exam 2
Biol3007 The basics of mineral nutrition of plants Exam 4
Biol4116 Plant Propagation Physiology Exam 2
Biol5000 Biology of Plant Resources Exam 4
Biol4128 Bases for Plant Stress Physiology Exam 4
Biol2043 Invertebrate Diversity and Conservation Exam 2
Biol3015 Biophysics Exam 2
SDSK2073 Biology in the Internet Exam 2
Biol3095 Biotechnology I. Industrial Biotechnology Exam 5
Biol3098 Biotechnology II. Environmental Biotechnology Exam 4
Biol3036 Biogeography Exam 2
Biol2185 Biochemistry II Exam 5
Biol2089 Botany and Latvian Flora Exam 6
Biol1053 Photography of Nature Objects Exam 2
Biol1063 Computers in biology Exam 2
Biol3111 Animal Comparative Physiology Exam 3
Biol3092 Methods of Experiment in Biology Exam 2
Biol4001 Ethology Exam 2
Biol3021 Hydrobiology Exam 4
Medi2016 Histology Exam 2
Biol3023 Physiology of Imunsystem Exam 3
Biol3002 Methods of Instrumental Analysis Exam 4
Biol2045 Vegetation and habitats of Latvia Exam 4
Biol1043 Field Course in Ecology I Exam 3
Biol3110 Field Course in Ecology II Exam 2
Biol2093 Microbiology I Exam 5
Biol3019 Microbiology II Exam 4
Biol3121 Genetic Engineering Exam 4
Biol3122 Genetics of Microorganisms Exam 4
Ķīmi1029 Organic chemistry Exam 2
Biol3044 Ecology of Populations and Communities Exam 2
Biol3035 Applied Ecology I Exam 3
Biol3045 Applied Ecology II Exam 3
Biol3097 Preparation of Projects and Publications Exam 2
Biol1052 Basic Psychophysiology Exam 2
Biol3220 Physiology of Sensory Systems Exam 4
Biol3057 Species and Populations Exam 2
Biol3003 Bryophyte and lichen ecology and systematics Exam 2
Biol3025 Environmental Microbiology Exam 4
Biol2040 General Ecology I Exam 2
Biol2044 General Ecology II Exam 3
Biol1056 General Toxicology Exam 2
Biol3049 Cancer Biology I Exam 4
Biol2187 Zoology and Latvian Fauna Exam 6
Biol3132 Genetic analysis Exam 3
Biol2085 Cell Biology Exam 3
Elective courses   4
Science sector Nat.Biology
EKI level 6
Programme practical realization

Throughout the studies different lecturing methods are used: lecture, laboratory works, seminars and discussions, teamwork, student presentations.

In lectures concepts, theories, classification of the particular subbranch of biology is presented. Lecture materials are available in E-studies system. Attendance of lectures is not compulsory but advised.

In laboratories students strengthen theoretical knowledge and obtain basic practical skills. Description of laboratory work and necessary equipment and consumables are provided. Normally laboratories are individual, in complex tasks students can work in pairs or in small groups.

The teamwork approach is widely used in field courses (Field course in ecology I and II, Applied ecology I and II) for solving complex ecological problems. In seminars students obtain experience in presenting their knowledge and in discussions.

Before starting of the particular study course students are introduced to courses in the study guide.


Lecturing is given in Latvian; guest lecturers for providing presentations in English can be invited.

Rating system

Assessment takes place in accordance with the requirements of University of Latvia. A 10-point marking system is used.

Exams, control work and tests have to be passed individually. During the laboratory and practical exercises, and in preparation of field projects, the students can work in small groups of 2-4 people, in which they prepare reports and protocols together. Bachelor’s Thesis are written and defended individually, although students usually work in a research group during their preparation.


The number of examinations with complex evaluation or with evaluation in written form has increased in the programme. This contributes to standardization of studies and increases the objectivity of the evaluation. Every study course has intermediate evaluations and a final examination. Number of intermediate evaluation depends on the specificity of the course; these evaluations can be written tests (control works), colloquiums, essays, seminars or computer tasks. Students know criteria for evaluation in advance. Regular and multiple evaluations stimulate students to attend lectures and motivate them for in-depth study. Tests include knowledge of facts and ability to logically display processes, and questions from laboratory works and related subjects. Students can receive a specific number of points in tests and thus the evaluation of student achievement is objective.


Laboratory work is also evaluated by marks using a 10-point system and can influence the final evaluation of the student. Alternative evaluation of laboratories also is used, if the work is completed in accordance with the demands.


In order to facilitate the preparation of courses and bachelor's thesis for students, recommendations with participation of academic staff and students have been made.

Programme price

Yearly programme costs per student correspond to the tuition fee specified above.