|Faculty||Faculty of Humanities|
|Credit points, number of lectures||
|Course annotation||This short course in Latvian and Lithuanian comparative grammar is provided for students of Baltic studies. The features that are in common for both the languages and unite them (as regards vocabulary and grammar) as well as differences in phonetics, morphology, syntax, vocabulary, and phraseology are analysed. During practical classes students make their individual presentations on a chosen topic and compare Lithuanian and Latvian grammar systems.|
|Results||The theoretical course provides the students with an opportunity to improve their knowledge of Lithuanian and Latvian grammar: phonetics, morphology, syntax, lexicology, and language culture. Comparative aspect helps identify the similarities and differences in the two Baltic languages, better understand the origin and development of word forms and language constructions. Students get acquainted with theoretical literature. Students individually prepare and present a paper (essay) on one of the provided topics in a comparative aspect.|
|Course plan||1.Introduction. Overview of the history of research of Baltic languages. 2 L
2.Phonetics. Alphabet. Prosody. Comparison of vocalism and consonantism in Lithuanian and Latvian.2 L
3.Comparison of Noun System in Lithuanian and Latvian. Substantive, its grammatical categories, declination. 4 L
4.Adjective, its grammatical categories, declination. Degrees of comparison. Definite endings 2 L
5.Comparison of pronoun system in Lithuanian and Latvian. 2 L
6.Numerals and their usage in Lithuanian and Latvian. 2 L
7.Verb system. Finite and infinite forms. Classification of conjugations. Mood. Tense. Categories of number and person. 4 L
8.Adverb. Conjunction. Preposition, similarities and differences in usage. 2 L
9.Syntax: similarities and differences in Lithuanian and Latvian.2 L
10.Overview of Lithuanian and Latvian Phraseology. 2 L
11.Presentation of students’ individual papers. 8 Pr
|Requirements for obtaining credit points||Attendance at lectures and practical classes is mandatory.
An essay on a chosen topic (in comparative aspect), its presentation (50 %).
3 questions at the written exam (50 %).
|Study programmes||Baltic Philology|