Course code Valo2426
Faculty Faculty of Humanities
Credit points, number of lectures
Credit points ECTS Credit points Total number of auditorium hours Number of lecture hours Number of seminars and practical work hours Number of student independent work hours
2 3 32 24 8 48
E-courses Valo2426: Introduction to Latvian Dialectology
Course annotation In the course the following themes are dealt with: the main questions of areal linguistics, developing of dialect atlases as the outcome of the research of a territorial distribution of linguistic phenomena, classification of dialects and subdialects of the Latvian language. Attention is paid to the beginning and development of the research of subdialects of the Latvian language, to the gradual development of the phonetic recording, the meaning of the subdialectical facts in the language history, etc. The basic role of dialects is clarified, namely, that of the Middle dialect as the basis for the Latvian written language, and that of the High Latvian dialect as the basis for the Latgalian written language. The main features of the dialects of the Latvian language (Middle, Livonian and High Latvian) are studied, identifying and explaining dialectical peculiarities in texts of different ages. Students acquire a notion of a stability of dialectical peculiarities, their usage in works of art.
Results Having successfully accomplished the course, a student knows the main questions of areal linguistics and geolinguistics, historical and modern dialectology of the Latvian language, he/she has acquainted himself/herself with researches of the relevant problems in Latvia and, to a certain extent, outside Latvia. He/she has acquired the knowledge of the most important features of the Middle, Livonian and High Latvian dialects; a student has been given an overview on the usage of all the three dialects of the Latvian language in works of art of different genres and styles, he/she has mastered skills in determining and analysing peculiarities of vernaculars; a student has deepened his/her knowledge of the Latvian language, literature, history of civilisation, he/she has acquired new knowledge of the subject of linguistics without which it is not possible to master the history of the Latvian language. A student of this course has consolidated his/her cognitive skills and vision of the Baltistics, he/she has developed skills to analyse and synthesise, evaluate and explain various linguistic phenomena.
Course plan 1.The subject and tasks of the course. The most important terms used in the course. Territorial differentiation of the vocabulary. Atlases and maps of dialects. L2

2. National language and language varieties. Territorial varieties of the language, causes for their development and historical relativeness, reasons for stability and changeability. L2

3.Classification of the dialects and subdialects of the Latvian language. The Middle dialect as the basis for the Latvian written language. The High Latvian dialect as the basis for the Latgalian written language. L2

4.Phonetic transcription. Pr2

5.The Middle dialect. Its spread, groups of subdialects. Most important researches of the Middle dialect. Works of art using elements of the Middle dialect. L2

6.Most important phonetic and morphologicalpeculiarities of the Middle dialect. L4

7.Analysis of the texts in the Middle dialect. Pr2

8.The Livonian dialect. Its spread, groups of subdialects. Most important researches of the Livonian dialect. Works of art using elements of the Livonian dialect. L2

9.Most important phonetic and morphologic peculiarities of the Livonian dialect. L4

10.Analysis of the texts in the Livonian dialect. Pr2

11.The High Latvian dialect. Its spread, groups of subdialects. Most important researches of the High Latvian dialect. Works of art using elements of the High Latvian dialect. L2

12.Most important phonetic and morphologic peculiarities of the High Latvian dialect. L4

13.Analysis of the texts in the High Latvian dialect. Pr2
Requirements for obtaining credit points Attendance of lectures is desirable, 2/3 of the total number of lectures (75 %) and all practical works/seminars are to be attended.
A course examination – 3 tests (one for each dialect)- 90%, a written test on introductory questions of the course - 10%.
Study programmes Baltic Philology