Course code Valo1811
Faculty Faculty of Humanities
Credit points, number of lectures
Credit points ECTS Credit points Total number of auditorium hours Number of lecture hours Number of seminars and practical work hours Number of student independent work hours
4 6 64 32 32 96
E-courses Valo1811: Moodern Standard Latvian: Phonetics and Lexicology
Course annotation
This course is one of the first disciplines of a wider course of Modern Latvian. The aim of the course is to give knowledge about the most important issues of phonetics and lexicology of Modern Latvian: the sound system of Modern Latvian and its use, positional and historical sound changes, research methods in phonetics, lexical meaning of the word and its structure, lexeme as part of the lexical system of the language, types of paradigmatic relations between lexemes. Sub-systems of the lexicon related to different social groups, as well as the most important issues of phraseology and lexicography are also discussed. Besides theoretical issues, as lot of attention is paid to practical analysis of phonemes and lexemes, formation of skills of orthography and orthoepy, widening of the individual lexicon and improvement.of expressive skills. Basic issues of the culture of language related to orthoepy and the use of lexicon are discussed as well.

Results Learning outcomes of the course are:
1. Understanding of the sound system of Modern Lativan and their pronunciation according to generally accepted articulation and individual factors, as well as speech production mechanisms in general.
2. Understanding of historical and positional sound changes in Latvian and their determining factors.
3. Practical skills in speech transcription, analysis of sounds and sound changes that will enable a better understanding of dialectal texts, further reading of theoretical literature in phonetics, as well as speech transcribing for the needs of individual research.
4. Understanding of the notion of lexical semantics, semantic structure of the word, as well as different sub-systems of the lexicon, their interaction and functioning.
5. Practical skills in semantic analysis of lexemes.
6. Knowledge about the main research methods in phonetics and lexical semantics, principles of lexicography and possibilities of further research.

Course plan
1. Introduction into the course. Latvian and international phonetic transcription (IPA). L2 S2
2. Vocals of the Latvian language and their classification. L2 S2
3.Consonants of the Latvian language and their classification. L2 S2
4. Syllable, stress, intonation. S2
5. Testing of skills of speech transcription and classifying of sounds and syllables. S4
6. Phoneme changes. Analysis of positional changes of vocals and consonants. L2 S2
7. Analysis of historical changes of vocals and consonants. L2 S2
8. Research methods in phonetics. L2
9. Principles of orthography in Latvian. History of investigations in phonetics of Latvian. S2
10. Testing of skills of sound change analysis.S2
11. Word as the object of investigation in lexicology. Boundaries of lexicology and other branches of linguistics.L2
12. The structure of lexical meaning of the word. L2
13. Polysemy. L2 S2
14. Direct and figurative meanings of the word. L2 S2
15. Historical change of lexical semantics.Contrastive aspect of lexical meaning.L2
16. Semantic sub-systems of the lexicon.L2 S2
17. Functional varieties and styles of the language. Stylistic and emotive components of the lexical meaning. L2
18. Special lexicon of limited use (professional lexicon and special slang). S2
19. Historical change of the lexicon. L2
20. Etymological differentiation of the lexicon. L2
21. The use of borrowings and their relation to linguistic norms. Barbarisms. S2
22. Phraseology. L2
23. Lexicography. The most important dictionaries of Latvian.S2

Requirements for obtaining credit points
A written test in theory of phonetics and lexicology (50%).
A written test in phonetic transcription, anlysis of phonemes, syllables and sound changes (25%).
A written test in analysis of lexical units (25%).

Study programmes Baltic Philology