Course code Filz2007
Faculty Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities
Credit points, number of lectures
Credit points ECTS Credit points Total number of auditorium hours Number of lecture hours Number of seminars and practical work hours Number of student independent work hours
2 3 32 30 2 48
E-courses Filz2007: History of Culture and Cultural Studies
Course annotation The course offers an introduction in the areas of theory and history of culture. These promote the emergence of one’s intellectual self. The accent is on the specifics of philosophical thought, the role of philosophy in culture, basic sectors and ideas in relation to this, and the creators of those ideas over the course of history and the present day.
The aim of the course is to help students in analyzing philosophical texts and arguing on behalf of their own views. This promotes interest in intellectual culture and its role in contemporary society.
Results Knowledge about basic phases of history and culture in Western civilization, accenting the shifts in paradigm and the social changes that have occurred.
Skills in the analyses of text of philosophy and history.
Competency in the cultural texts for Professional activities and individual self-development.

Course plan No.TopicPlanned amount in hours
1.Culture and cultural studies. Philosophy as the quintessence of culture. Myth and philosophy. Rationalism. Functions of philosophy. Onthology, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics.L2
2.Antiquity. Onthological picture of the world. Presocratics: Thales, Anaximander, Heraclitus etc. Socratus and postsocratics. Aristoteles and Plato.L2
3.History and the past. Memory. The science of history. Historiography. Ancient society. Man and power. Historiography in Ancient Greece and Rome.L2
4.Medieval culture and philosophy. Transcendence. Theocentrism. Humanists and reorientation to ancient philosophy. Life science. The heroic enthusiasm of Giordano BrunoL2
5.The Middle Ages. Social hierarchy. Man and values.L2
6.Modernity. Cartesius and rationalism. Truth, certainty and method of cognition. Blaise Pascal: modern self and paradox of existence.L2
7.Prerequisites for the culture of the Renaissance. Major geographic discoveries. Self and society. Social atomism an theories of social contract. Philosophy of Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau.L2
8.Test. P2
9.The Reformation. Protestantism. “The spirit of capitalism.”L2
10.What is Enlightement? The system of Kant. Pure and practical reason. Subject, subjectivation and communication. The system of Hegel and the end of metaphyisical thinking.L2
11.The beginning of the “long century.” The French Revolution. Human and civil rights.L2
12.19th century philosophy. Positivism. Nietzsche: perspectivism and reevaluation of values. Kierkegaard and existential thinking.L2
13.Nationalization in Europe. Nationalist movements. Nations. Nation states. The Industrial Revolution. City. The proletariat and the workers’ movement.L2
14.Science and its discoveries. Positivism. The science of history. The bourgeois era and its form. Women and changes in their role. The image and values of 19th-century culture. New social types.L2
15.20th century philosophy. Analitical, phenomenological and postmodern turn. Existentialism. Hermeneutics and philosophy of communication.L2
16.“The short century.” World War I. Industrial death and humankind. Nationalism in interwar Europe. Totalitarianism. World War II. “The Cold War.” Post-war social transformations. L2

L - lecture

Requirements for obtaining credit points Students must have positive grade in all parts of the course.
•test – 50%;
•written exam – 50%.
Study programmes Asian Studies
Information Management
Russian Philology
Cultural and Social Anthropology