Music in the Baltics
Course code MākZ1031; 2 credit points
The objective of the course is to introduce different aspects of Baltic - Latvian, Lithuanian, Estonian - musical cultures, to reveal their universal and specific features and to show their place and meaning in the life of the Baltic peoples, thus providing the students with the necessary background knowledge to discuss and to evaluate this music.
Different kinds of music and its contexts are presented: from traditional to modern. Archaic vocal forms, main genres and contexts of traditional vocal music are discussed. The main functional groups of musical instruments – shepherd, ritual, ceremonial, signalization, magic and dance music instruments, and kantele-kannel-kokles-kankles, are characterized. Music of the main periods of folklorism – national romanticism, formalism and postmodernity – is discussed. Art music is presented from national romanticism and choral singing to minimalism and other modern developments. Also, popular music scene is discussed, focusing on different forms of folk, rock and the recent developments.
Besides theoretical discourse, students get a certain listening experience, thus enabling them to develop a personalized viewpoint on Baltic music matters. No special musical education is required.
Students have an understanding of the basic kinds of music in the Baltic region, from traditional to modern. They can describe musical expressions in relation to their social and cultural context. The listening experience enables them to recognize and give certain characteristics of the basic kinds of Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian music.
Course description-general outline
1. Background of Baltic music culture: definition and general characteristics.
2. Folk song texts and contexts. Archaic singing forms.
3. Vocal music in its traditional contexts.
4. Musical instruments and instrumental music.
5. Music of the three periods of folklorism.
6. Art music: from national romanticism to minimalism.
7. Popular music: from early forms to rock and pop.
8. Recent developments of musical in the Baltics. Diffusion and study of Baltic music.
Requirements for obtainning credit points
- Obtaining listening experience in lectures 40%,
- Written essay and its presentation 60%.